THE APPLICATION OF TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE IN TEACHING ENGLISH VOCABULARY TO THE FOURTH GRADERS OF SD NEGERI 04


ABSTRACT
The objectives of this study are to describe the procedure of teaching
English vocabulary to the fourth year students of Elementary School using the
Total Physical Response (TPR) method and to identify the advantages and
disadvantages of using the TPR method in teaching foreign language vocabulary.
To achieve the objectives of the study, the writer conducted an action
research. This classroom action research was held at SD Negeri 04 Krajankulon
Kaliwungu Kendal. The subject of the study was the grade IV. There were 34
students; 18 girls and 16 boys.

The writer carried out three steps. The first step was the pre-test. The
second step was the action. The action consisted of two cycles. The difference
between these cycles was on topic of material used. Each cycle consisted of
teaching and learning process and a test. The last steps were the post-test and
answering questionnaire. The questionnaire was meant to answer the problems of
the study. The writer also used field notes. It was used to observe the situation of
the class during the each activity of this study.
In analyzing the data, the writer used a descriptive qualitative and a simple
quantitative measurement to find the result. The analysis of the data showed that
there was a significant difference of the students’ achievement in the pre-test and
post-test. The students’ achievement in the post-test (90.1%) was higher than that
of pre-test (44.51%). The average of the students’ achievement in the first cycle
was 87.06% and in the second cycle was 89.56%. The relative frequency showed
that the mastery level of vocabulary in the second cycle is better than that on the
first cycle. The main factor affecting this improvement was the students’ interest
in teaching learning process through Total Physical Response.
Based on this data, the writer concluded that teaching English vocabulary
through TPR is very beneficial for the students in order to facilitate them in
learning English vocabulary. It is suggested that TPR in teaching English
vocabulary is recommended for the English teacher.
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